Understanding How Yield Farming Works (Beginner’s Guide)

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What is yield farming? What does it mean and is it worth it? This guide explores the world of yield farming in the cryptocurrency space, how it works, and the best platforms for yield farming.



What is Yield Farming?

Yield farming is the process of staking your cryptocurrencies to earn more of them as passive income. Essentially, you’re adding liquidity to a platform and earning rewards in the form of interest for doing so.

The process is similar to holding traditional fiat in a savings account. Money held in a savings account is used in the bank’s general liquidity pool. Banks utilize that pool for lending and providing money to customers. Yield farming is the same idea, only you’re contributing to a lending platform rather than a bank.



All loans are held in a smart contract, which requires the borrower to put up collateral before accepting. Once they pay the loan back, you earn interest on your tokens as well as crypto farming from the platform.

Yield Farming is part of what makes decentralized finance go round. There are various platforms to do such trading like Compound and Aave, for example. If you lend on Compound, you’ll earn interest on your lent assets as well as Compound tokens for using the platform.

If you know what cryptocurrency staking is via the proof-of-stake consensus algorithm, such as what Ethereum is upgrading to with its 2.0 format, you pretty much know what yield farming is.

How to Start Yield Farming

To start yield farming, you need to sign up on a liquidity pool like Aave. You’ll also need to hold assets, generally Ethereum or ERC-20 tokens, in your connected wallet. A popular ERC-20 wallet to use is MetaMask in this instance.

Then, you’ll pick the liquidity pool of whichever asset you wish to lend, and input the desired amount. The platform will state any fees as well as projected earnings. Once you’ve contributed to the liquidity pool, it’s time to start earning.

Rewards will be paid out at a minimum threshold, which varies based on the lending platform and asset you choose. Borrowers also have some say in the amount and length of their minimum payments. Also, keep in mind that you’ll need to dedicate a significant amount of liquidity to see any meaningful returns.

Is Farming Crypto Worth it?

Many would argue farming cryptocurrency is very worth it, considering you’re earning interest on cryptocurrencies that were just sitting in your wallet in the first place.

Depending on how much you lend, farm yield is especially worth it because you’re almost guaranteed profit. Farming isn’t nearly as risky as day trading, which could result in you losing all of your funds.

What is Crypto Farming and Staking?

Crypto farming and staking is the act of storing or locking up your assets into a wallet via smart contract.

Those assets are then used to fulfill the contract, and can be released back to you after that’s done. Generally, stakers and farmers earn interest on their cryptocurrencies, making your crypto work for you.

How do you Yield Crypto Farming?

You yield crypto when farming after a certain period of time. Payouts vary based on the platform you’re using, but you’re pretty much set to earn whenever you commit your assets.

Best Platforms for Yield Farming

There are various platforms for yield farming. Let’s get into a few.

1. Aave

Aave is a non-custodial liquidity platform for lending and borrowing cryptocurrencies. It supports various stablecoins and other assets, such as DAI, USDT, BAT, and yearn.finance.

The website’s main page provides an overview of supported assets. Here, you can see the market size, total amounts borrowed, and yearly interest paid on depositing assets as well as borrowing them. Also, you can see these values in USD or their native amounts – an ideal choice for investing experts.

Whenever you lend on Aave, you’ll earn “aTokens.” These are basically Aave versions of the token you’re lending, and are provided as an additional reward on top of the interest you earn. The longer you lend, the more aTokens you’ll receive.

These aTokens are tied at a 1:1 ratio with their named asset, and you can even redirect the rewards off platform to another ERC-20 address if you’d prefer.

2. Compound

Compound is very similar to Aave at first glance. This platform offers lending and borrowing for many of the same assets, for example. Compound also provides a ton of information such as supply annual interest rates, total supply on the liquidity pool, and more.

What makes Compound stand out, however, is its implementation on other cryptocurrency platforms. For example, you can earn the platform’s COMP token via assets stored in your Coinbase or Ledger wallets. This saves you time and money as you don’t need to pay transaction fees for moving assets into the Compound wallet.

Compound has also partnered with various cryptocurrency custodians, ensuring your assets are reliably managed by trusted parties.

Finally, cryptocurrency taxes can be a pain, even without factoring in lending and borrowing. But, Compound integrates with popular crypto tax platforms Tokentax and Cointracker, providing an easy export into these databases. If you get really involved with yield farming on Compound, this will certainly make your tax life easier.

3. Uniswap

Uniswap was one of the first borrowing and lending platforms to take off during the big DeFi boom. The exchange supports over 200 integrations with decentralized finance platforms such as Compound, Aave, and even the centralized platform Coinbase.

The platform is on its third version, which offers something unique called concentrated liquidity. Essentially, normal lending puts you in the range of anywhere from 0 to infinity. However, concentrated liquidity allows you to provide assets within a certain price range – often the range they typically sit in. This earns lenders more in rewards, as they’re lending at a higher, concentrated value than the traditional method.

Otherwise, you can enjoy many benefits aside from Uniswap’s liquidity pool. The platform offers governance based on its UNI token, swaps for all types of cryptos, and various chart information both lenders and borrowers can take advantage of.

4. Balancer

Balancer is an interesting platform as it enables anyone to trade Ether against ERC-20 tokens in a liquidity pool they create. A created pool contributes to the overall balancer liquidity, and rewards you in the platform’s BAL token.

This method is also called an Automated Market Maker (AMM). Basically, in a created pool of two assets, the liquidity is going to move around as users borrow, lend, and withdraw assets from it. This activity, of course, consistently changes the price of assets within said pool. To counteract this, Balancer automatically converts assets through pools that create the best user value.

For instance, a trade from ETH to DAI might go through a USDT pool if ETH and DAI are drastically shifting. This saves all parties money over time, and the process is entirely automatic thanks to smart contracts. Also, lenders can make more money based on the pool they’re in. This is because pool lenders can customize fees anywhere from 0.0001% to 10% if they see fit.

Balancer also provides support for up to eight tokens in one liquidity pool. Since the platform is an AMM, the prices are automatically reworked as they need to be, which makes such a pool possible. Of course, it also rewards you with BAL as you contribute, as most liquidity platforms do.

As of this writing, Balancer is in its first iteration. The platform is looking to upgrade to 2.0 quite soon, however. This change will bring with lower gas fees, allow for custom AMM logic in liquidity pools, asset managers within the platform, and more.

5. Sushiswap

Finally, we have Sushiswap.

This liquidity platform is actually a hard fork of Uniswap, meaning it’s also an AMM. The protocol supports various assets not listed on other providers, making it quite appealing to experienced providers and borrowers.

By providing liquidity, lenders yield SUSHI as a reward. They can then take those rewards and place them in the SushiBar for staking, which earns them xSUSHI to profit even more. xSUSHI is an asset minted when investors buy SUSHI, utilizing transaction fees to do so.


Now you’re aware of yield farming and the best places to do so. Hopefully this guide can help you maneuver the confusing, intimidating, yet profitable space.


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Max is a cryptocurrency journalist with an affinity for games and emerging technology. After leaving school to start a writing career, he wrote his first article on blockchain and fell down the rabbit hole. Since starting in 2017, Max has worked with multiple blockchain startups and crypto enthusiast spaces, doing his best to educate the world on the nascent technology. Max has been published in various blockchain and crypto related magazines before settling down at BeInCrypto to focus on long-form content.

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