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Here’s How Whales Cause Huge Bitcoin Price Swings

3 mins
Updated by Ali Martinez
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In Brief

  • Bitcoin whales significantly influence market trends through large buy/sell orders and market manipulation tactics.
  • Whale activity can result in increased market volatility and impact market confidence.
  • Investors protect themselves by diversifying investments, monitoring market trends, and adopting a long-term strategy.
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Ever wondered who’s behind the massive Bitcoin price swings? The answer lies in a group of individuals or entities known as Bitcoin whales.

These individuals or organizations own large amounts of Bitcoin, allowing them to influence market trends significantly.

Characteristics of Bitcoin Whales

Two main features define a Bitcoin whale:

Wealth Concentration

Whales typically own a large number of BTC tokens, giving them the power to impact the market through their trading activities.

Bitcoin Whales, Bitcoin Price Swings
Addresses Holding More Than 1,000 BTC. Source: Glassnode

In some cases, a single whale may own thousands of BTC tokens, translating to millions of dollars in value.


Bitcoin whales often maintain a low profile and prefer anonymity. This makes it challenging to identify and track their activities, allowing them to maneuver the market easily.

How Whales Influence Prices

Whales can cause significant price swings in Bitcoin through two main methods:

Large Buy and Sell Orders

Since whales hold significant amounts of Bitcoin, their large buy and sell orders can lead to substantial price fluctuations.

For instance, a whale placing a massive sell order may lead to a sudden drop in the Bitcoin price, while a large buy order can cause the BTC price to spike.

Market Manipulation

Market manipulation is another tactic employed by whales to influence Bitcoin prices. Some common manipulation tactics include:

Pump and Dump Schemes

In a pump-and-dump scheme, whales buy large quantities of Bitcoin, driving up the price. Once the price reaches a certain threshold, they quickly sell off their holdings, causing the price to plummet.

Bitcoin Price Swing Bitcoin Whales
Bitcoin US Dollar Price Chart. Source: TradingView

This allows them to profit from the price surge while leaving unsuspecting investors with losses.


Spoofing involves placing fake buy or sell orders to create an illusion of high demand or supply. Whales can use this tactic to manipulate the market sentiment and make other traders act in their favor.

Bitcoin Market Manipulation
Spoofing Strategies. Source: MDPI

Once the desired price movement is achieved, they cancel their fake orders and profit from the market reaction.

Impacts of Bitcoin Whale Activity on the Market

Whale activity can have several effects on the Bitcoin price, such as:


The actions of whales can result in sudden and dramatic price swings, leading to increased market volatility. This can create both opportunities and risks for traders and investors.

Market Confidence

Whale-induced price swings can negatively impact market confidence, especially when manipulation tactics are involved. This can lead to a reluctance to invest in Bitcoin, affecting its long-term growth potential.

How to Protect from Whale-Induced Bitcoin Price Swings

While it’s impossible to control the actions of whales, there are steps investors can take to protect themselves from their influence:


Spreading investments across multiple cryptocurrencies and other asset classes can help mitigate the risks associated with whale-induced Bitcoin price swings. By diversifying portfolios, investors reduce the impact of any single market event.

Regular Monitoring and Analysis

Keeping a close eye on market trends and news can help investors identify potential whale activity. Analyzing market data, such as trading volumes and order books, can also provide insights into whale movements.

Long-Term Investment Strategy

Adopting a long-term investment approach can help shield investors from short-term price fluctuations caused by Bitcoin whales. By focusing on the long-term growth potential of Bitcoin, investors may be less affected by temporary price swings.

Summing All Up

Whales wield considerable power in the cryptocurrency market, and their actions can lead to significant price swings.

By understanding their tactics and employing protective measures, investors can minimize the impact of whale-induced price fluctuations on their investments.


What is a Bitcoin whale?

How do Bitcoin whales impact the market?

How can I protect myself from whale-induced price swings?

Can Bitcoin whales be identified?

Are Bitcoin whales always bad for the market?

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In adherence to the Trust Project guidelines, BeInCrypto is committed to unbiased, transparent reporting. This news article aims to provide accurate, timely information. However, readers are advised to verify facts independently and consult with a professional before making any decisions based on this content.

This article was initially compiled by an advanced AI, engineered to extract, analyze, and organize information from a broad array of sources. It operates devoid of personal beliefs, emotions, or biases, providing data-centric content. To ensure its relevance, accuracy, and adherence to BeInCrypto’s editorial standards, a human editor meticulously reviewed, edited, and approved the article for publication.

Ali Martinez
Ali Martinez is the Global Head of News at BeInCrypto, specializing in market analysis, emerging trends in the crypto industry, Bitcoin’s four-year cycle, and macroeconomic developments. Previously, he covered the altcoins market for Crypto Briefing, CryptoSlate,, and NewsBTC. His reporting focused on the ICO boom, Ethereum's evolution, Bitcoin halvings, and network upgrades like hard forks and soft forks, emphasizing the impact on digital asset valuations. At Binance and FXStreet,...