Bank of Japan Needs New Legislative Mandate to Issue CBDC

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In Brief
  • A Japanese finance official says the BOJ needs a special legislative mandate to issue CBDC.

  • Amended BOJ roles and responsibilities may also extend to inflation and job creation policies.

  • APAC nations in various stages of digital currency development while China leads the global CBDC race.

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Amid ongoing central bank digital currency (CBDC) research efforts, the Bank of Japan (BOJ) may require a new legal prerogative to issue digital yen.



Apart from legislative changes to support a possible CBDC issuance, these amendments to the BOJ’s roles and responsibilities may also affect other policies like inflation and job creation.

Amendments to BOJ Mandate Needed for CBDC Issuance

According to Reuters, Japan needs amendments to the laws guiding its mandates and responsibilities to issue a CBDC. Kozo Yamamoto of Japan’s Liberal Democratic Party made the call in a statement issued on Oct. 12.



Yamamoto, who is the head of the party’s financial affairs council, argued that the BOJ would need similar legal mandates as the U.S. Federal Reserve. Apart from the proposed legislation necessary for CBDC issuance, Yamamoto also clamored for the BOJ to oversee issues relating to job creation and inflation.

The call by Yamamoto who was previously a member of the country’s finance ministry is the latest indication of Japan’s growing focus on a sovereign digital yen. Back in July, BeInCrypto reported the BOJ’s CBDC research expansion including the appointment of a new digital payments chief.

In Feb., Yamamoto urged the BOJ to create a digital yen within the next two to three years. According to Yamamoto at the time, a CBDC would play a vital role in stabilizing Japan’s economy in the event of a future global financial crisis.

Meanwhile, BOJ Governor Haruhiko Kuroda has announced that the central bank will commence CBDC trials in the Spring of 2021. Speaking during an online seminar organized by the Institute of International Finance, Kuroda remarked that CBDCs should not displace private payment and settlement infrastructure.

Playing Catchup to China

With China making significant strides in its CBDC project, other Asian countries appear to be increasing their focus on the matter. As previously reported by BeInCrypto, phase one of South Korea’s CBDC experiment is also complete.

The Bank of Korea (BOK) says it plans to test the distribution of its experimental digital currency in 2021. Elsewhere in the Asia Pacific (APAC), the Central Bank of the Philippines is also moving towards conducting a CBDC trial run.

Back in September, the Hong Kong Monetary Authority (HKMA) picked blockchain development firm ConsenSys to develop a cross-border digital payments pilot.

Outside the APAC region, countries like France and The Bahamas are also involved in CBDC-related projects. The Bahamas is reportedly set to begin the gradual rollout of its sovereign digital currency in October.

In China, the digital currency electronic payment (DCEP) trials are still ongoing. As at the end of August, China’s CBDC had reportedly facilitated about $160 million in payments from over 3 million transactions.

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Osato is a reporter at BeInCrypto and Bitcoin believer based in Lagos, Nigeria. When not immersed in the daily happenings in the crypto scene, he can be found watching historical documentaries or trying to beat his Scrabble high score.

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