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Why Did The Lightning Network’s Largest Capacity Holder Take His Hub Offline?

3 mins
28 December 2018, 20:16 GMT+0000
Updated by Adam James
28 December 2018, 20:16 GMT+0000
Five months ago, Andreas Brekken conducted an experiment and became the largest payment hub on Bitcoin’s Lightning Network. He described his experience as “educational, frustrating, fun, and, at times terrifying” — but why did he the experiment?
In a test run last summer on the Lightning Network, Brekken took the next step and, for a short while, became the Lightning Network itself. He owned the largest payment hub on Bitcoin’s second layer. He even tried to pay for goods and services, only to take the hub offline afterward. Why did he do that? Brekken shared his thoughts five months later, joining the never-ending debate about building layers on top of the Bitcoin network.

Hot Storage and Locking Funds

What convinced Brekken to join the discussion was an interesting question raised by crypto research analyst Tom Shaughnessy, who asked why two parties would have an interest in locking away funds for a Bitcoin payment channel. To earn a passive income could be a very good answer. However, what happens when that passive income isn’t worthwhile — like in today’s ecosystem? Brekken realized that ‘owning’ the Lightning Network is quite costly. Moreover, the earnings are next to nothing. During his experiment, his hub mitigated 389 payments for a ‘profit’ of $0.34. On average, he made $0.00087 per transaction, given the price range of $7,500 – $8,000 per bitcoin. Bitcoin security

Decisions, Decisions

Putting aside the incentive part, Brekken also mentioned two valid points that could weigh heavily on any interested entity’s decision in the future. The first involves keeping the BTC in a hot/online storage. If Bitcoin and the Lightning Network gains traction, the ‘staked’ funds will be significant. As a result, the risk will be significant, too. Keeping funds in hot storage is very dangerous, as recent years taught us, with hackers profiting from the situation. Furthermore, locking the funds away to sustain a Lightning Network node/hub is a risky choice, given Bitcoin’s volatility. Weeks in crypto-terms is a long time that could lead to big losses — not just big winnings. A hodler may not mind the volatility, but what about businesses, which are mostly interested in profit? Are they willing to gamble? lightning network

The Grain Of Salt

Sure they are — if the rate of return is high enough. It is worth mentioning that Brekken conducted his experiment five months ago. The Lightning Network has grown exponentially since launch, at the beginning of 2018, up to 10,000 percent. Since August 2018, LN is up more than 300 percent in capacity. The current average fee is around one to two satoshis with the layer rarely being used. Yet, if Bitcoin gathers enough steam, LN could turn out to be the much-needed escape from the network’s future congestions. In addition, Brekken’s tweet should be taken with a grain of salt. He is a Bitcoin Cash advocate and his actual opinion on Bitcoin’s second layer may be biased as a result. This doesn’t mean he’s a BCH maximalist or anti-Bitcoin, though. Indeed, he did terminate his ‘taking over Lightning Network’ experiment after a week or so, but he continues to run LN nodes to this date — despite his opinion on the network’s setbacks. Do you operate an LN node yourself? Have you tried setting up a node or using the Lightning Network for payments? What are your thoughts on Bitcoin’s payment layer? Please share them with the rest of us in the comment section below.


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