New York-based research firm Messari has released a new report exploring the possibility of redirecting a mere 1% of all institutional money away from traditional assets and into Bitcoin.
According to Messari analyst, Ryan Watkins, the scenario could lead to inflows worth hundreds of billions of dollars, pushing Bitcoin prices well beyond $50,000.
Between mutual funds, sovereign wealth funds, family offices, endowments, and pension funds, very few investors have given digital currencies much consideration so far. However, Messari’s report comes right after American hedge fund manager, Paul Tudor Jones, decided to hedge with Bitcoin Futures.
Jones believes that the ongoing pandemic has caused widespread economic uncertainty, with no end in sight for inflation. While he stopped short of disclosing his cryptocurrency holdings, the veteran Wall Street trader hinted that, as of May 2020, his fund holds a ‘low single-digit percentage of its assets’ in Bitcoin.
Messari’s research used the same ‘low percentage’ as a premise, simulating the strategy for all types of institutional funds. According to Watkins, a sudden inflow of capital into assets like Bitcoin would likely cause it to surge by a factor more significant than the incoming capital.
What would this mean for the price of Bitcoin?
As @cburniske previously outlined, flows into and out of an asset do not necessarily result in 1 to 1 moves in the price of the asset, and can be amplified into much larger price movements. https://t.co/eMwjZNIBAJ
— Ryan Watkins (@RyanWatkins_) June 23, 2020
Unraveling How Billions of Institutional Dollars Entered Crypto
Like Jones, it’s worth noting that a significant number of high-profile investors and institutions have already started paying attention to crypto. While a few hedge funds and university endowments have quietly added crypto to their respective portfolios, others have more openly revealed their holdings.
Two prime examples of this are firms like Grayscale Investments and Pantera Capital. The two hugely successful ventures focus solely on investments in digital tokens, blockchain technology, and other emerging crypto-related projects.
2020 has seen robust institutional investment with these firms reporting record-breaking investment volumes. According to Grayscale’s first yearly disclosure report, average weekly investment volumes have grown tenfold since Q1 2019 to a whopping $38.7 million.
In the first quarter of 2020, Grayscale’s flagship product – the Bitcoin Investment Trust – attracted an average investment of $30 million every single week. The Grayscale Ethereum Trust, on the other hand, saw smaller, but still notable gains of $8.5 million.
Only a few months later, on June 23, 2020, Grayscale’s parent organization, Digital Currency Group, reported a new fundraising record for the firm.
Record fundraising day today for @GrayscaleInvest
— Barry Silbert (@BarrySilbert) June 23, 2020
As of June 2020, Grayscale Investments boasts around $4 billion in assets under management (AUM) spread across three funds. Exposure is limited only to Bitcoin, Ethereum, and a handful of other popular assets.
Cryptocurrencies: An Increasingly Popular Choice for Pension Funds
Pension funds, traditionally risk-averse, have also been jumping into the cryptocurrency space of late. In February 2019, famed American investor Anthony Pompliano announced a new crypto venture fund that saw massive interest.
Two public pension funds, the Fairfax County Virginia Police Officers Retirement System and the Employees’ Retirement System, reportedly doubled down on their contributions to Pompliano’s fund. The combined investment topped $50 million.
Other investors included an unnamed university endowment fund, an insurance firm, and Wakemed Health. In light of the fund’s success, Pompliano took to Twitter to proclaim that institutional investors are no longer waiting on the crypto market sidelines.
This morning our team at Morgan Creek Digital announced a new $40 million crypto venture fund anchored by two public pensions.
The institutions aren’t coming.
They’re already here. 🚀
— Pomp 🌪 (@APompliano) February 12, 2019
Indeed, high-profile players like Pompliano and Grayscale are powerful advocates of the digital currency asset class. Using platforms like CNBC and Bloomberg, Pompliano has been able to explain the key advantages that digital currencies offer to institutional investors.
Many large investors have limited knowledge and no previous exposure to the asset class.
Pompliano’s discussions range from Bitcoin’s non-correlated price characteristics to crypto’s viability as a fiat currency hedge and even the role that central bank-issued digital currencies could play in a modern economy.
His efforts have gone a long way towards improving the reputation of digital assets in their eyes.
Limited Supply Pushing up Prices for Institutions?
Messari’s $1 trillion market cap projection would ultimately propel Bitcoin’s price to new all-time highs, similar to the bull runs of 2013 and 2017. When that happens, retail investors will likely not hesitate to join in on the party.
However, given that the crypto market drew sharp criticism after 2017’s exponential price gains, institutions may buy into the asset class slowly. The nascent market is not immune to supply shortages or wild price fluctuations.
Despite these precautions, a handful of accredited investors are not shy of paying a handsome premium over spot prices. According to data from Tradingview, Grayscale’s Ethereum Trust (ETHE) was trading at an eye-watering 950% premium over Ethereum’s spot price.
In other words, traders were paying a premium for the product simply because traders could only get their hands on a limited supply of ETHE on the secondary market. This trend persisted throughout the first half of the year.
Only recently were early investors able to liquidate their positions after the expiry of their one year lock-in period kicked in. This eventually brought the ETHE premium down, though, only still to a sizeable 350%.
Short Term Price Outlook: Stable, but Exciting
Despite a surge in derivative prices, the overall market cap of cryptocurrencies in Q2 2020 has stayed relatively flat. According to Quantum Economics analyst Pedro Febrero, this is likely because many institutional clients are using over-the-counter channels instead of spot markets to procure their crypto.
Unlike traditional crypto exchanges like Coinbase and Binance, over-the-counter platforms have no obligation to disclose transaction sizes, volumes, or other similar metrics. This opaqueness can be a double-edged sword. It prevents mainstream media from unnecessary hype but also hides the cost of true-scale adoption and institutional confidence from retail investors.
Indeed, over-the-counter transactions have historically been the preferred channel for institutional investors, even outside the crypto market. To that end, several high-profile crypto firms such as Gemini and Coinbase have announced their own OTC trading platforms which cater exclusively to the big boys.
While Messari’s latest research does paint an exciting possibility for the future of crypto, it’s worth remembering that the industry still has many challenges to overcome. Thousands of cryptocurrencies are coming to market, and existing projects continue to announce new deals.
The digital currency revolution resembles the early days of the Internet in many ways. Twenty years have passed since the dotcom bubble, and many hedge funds, institutions, and investors still remember missing the opportunities to invest in the growing technology companies of the early 2000s.
With a similar pattern forming in cryptocurrencies and blockchain technology, these investors likely aren’t keen on making the same mistake twice. Will 2020 be the new 2000? Only time will tell.