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Fed Abandons Soft Landing and Switches Gears for ‘Growth Recession’

2 mins
Updated by Geraint Price
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In Brief

  • The Federal Reserve is abandoning its "soft landing" in favor of a growth recession.
  • The U.S. can expect rising unemployment as the Fed pursues its policy of fiscal tightening.
  • KPMG analyst Diane Swonk called it “a tortuous process.”
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Federal Reserve (The Fed) Chair Jerome Powell has abandoned all hope of a “soft landing” for the U.S. economy, and is instead pursuing another euphemistic turn of phrase – “below-trend growth” also known as the “growth recession.

The comments from Powell came during an Aug 26 speech in Jackson Hole, Wyoming, in which the Fed chief “buried the concept of a soft landing.” So said Diane Swonk, chief economist at KPMG, reported Bloomberg. According to Swonk, “the Fed’s goal is to grind inflation down by slowing growth below its potential.”

Swonk went on to compare the new plan as something akin to dripping water torture. “It is a torturous process but less torturous and less painful than an abrupt recession,” she added.

A failure of plain speech

For some time the Fed has been pursuing an inflation-fighting plan it calls the “soft landing,” a state in which inflation is curbed without hurting the labor market. For some time however, this has been closer to unfounded optimism than a likely possibility. Powell admitted as early as June that “there’s no guarantee that we can do that.”

Now Powell has admitted the Fed cannot fetch his soft landing – it is simply not going to happen. In his Jackson Hole speech Powell offered a masterclass in economic obfuscation, alluding to a more painful scenario for anyone who could understand what he was saying.

Euphemistic speech for recession

Powell’s “below-trend growth” is a reference to what is more commonly known by another economist’s euphemism, the “growth recession.” This refers to a period of slow or little growth with rising unemployment, or as Powell prefers to say, a “softening” of the labor market.

In a speech which twisted the English language like a pretzel, Powell went on to state that the labor market was “clearly out of balance,” with wages rising and demand outstripping supply.

In plainest terms, the Fed’s policy is to avoid a recession by pushing up unemployment. This means that interest rates are likely to rise further in the short to medium term. 

In July the U.S. government narrowly avoided a recession by changing the meaning of the word recession. 

Honesty outside the political sphere

In June, Larry Summers, former Secretary of the U.S. Treasury, stated that jobless rates must rise to curb inflation and fix the economy.

Unlike Powell, who remains a political animal, Summers is no longer in post and can exercise the freedom of saying precisely what he means.

“We need five years of unemployment above 5% to contain inflation,” said Summers. “In other words, we need two years of 7.5% unemployment or five years of 6% unemployment, or one year of 10% unemployment.”

In Aug, the unemployment rate in the U.S. stood at 3.5%.

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Robert D Knight
Robert D Knight is a journalist and copywriter who has specialized in crypto for over four years. His varied experience includes freelancing, in-project contracts, agency work, and PR, giving him a holistic view of the blockchain industry.