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Bitcoin 4-Year Cycles Might Not Be Linked to Halvings, But Money Supply Shifts

2 mins
Updated by Kyle Baird
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In Brief

  • Bitcoin's four-year cycles may not be linked to halving events, but rather to global M2 money supply cycles.
  • The last three Bitcoin cycle peaks coincided with the largest changes in the global M2 money supply.
  • Some analysts believe Bitcoin halvings still impact the market and predict a new bull cycle in 2024.
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It has long been assumed that Bitcoin’s four-year cycles are intrinsically linked to the halving events when the block rewards are cut. However, an alternative theory has emerged that suggests this may not be the case. 

The past three major market cycles for Bitcoin and crypto have come pretty regularly every four years or so, with the peak in the year following the halving event. 

Bitcoin Cycle Coincidence? 

However, this may be coincidental according to the latest theories floating around on crypto social media.

On September 5, Bitcoiner ‘Pledditor’ said,

“Bitcoin’s four-year cycles are just coincidences and have little to do with the halvenings.”

They said that the cycles are closely correlated with those for the global M2 money supply. 

“Global M2 money supply has actually been having its own “4-year cycles” as of late, and those cycles have been reflected in most risk assets, including Bitcoin.”

M2 is a broad measure of the money supply. It includes currency and various sorts of bank and money market mutual fund deposits that are relatively liquid.

Global M2 money supply and BTC price cycles. Source: X/@Pledditor
Global M2 money supply and BTC price cycles. Source: X/@Pledditor

According to the chart, the last three Bitcoin cycle peaks have also coincided with the largest changes in the global M2 money supply. 

The last cycle, for example, occurred in 2021 and 2022, when M2 grew at record rates during the pandemic. This was when central bank money printers were churning out new cash for stimulus measures. 

Last year, GMI CEO Raoul Pal suggested something similar in that BTC cycles were connected to macro patterns and M2 growth.

Read more: Bitcoin Halving Cycles and Investment Strategies: What To Know

Now that global money supply is in decline, Bitcoin and crypto markets also remain deep within bear territory. Is this a coincidence or just another novel theory? 

Earlier this week, BeInCrypto reported that US household savings were falling and about to be totally depleted. This would impact the amount of excess money available for high-risk investments such as Bitcoin. 

Halvings Still Relevant

Author Vijay Boyapati, who wrote The Bullish Case for Bitcoin, also questioned whether the four-year cycles were still relevant in a recent podcast with Stephan Livera.

He noted that the amount of money that has to come into the Bitcoin market daily to maintain the current price level is much higher. 

Bitcoin BTC Price Chart. Source: BeInCrypto
Bitcoin BTC Price Chart. Source: BeInCrypto

However, after the halving, the “financial energy needed to maintain prices is not as much,” which will push prices up, he added. 

“Bitcoin finds a new price level … where the halving still has an impact just by the fact that the total market cap has increased significantly.” 

The next Bitcoin halving event is due around mid-to-late April, depending on which counter you use. Analysts are still confident that a rally and a new bull cycle will follow in late 2024. 

Top crypto platforms in the US | February 2024



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Martin Young
Martin Young is a seasoned cryptocurrency journalist and editor with over 7 years of experience covering the latest news and trends in the digital asset space. He is passionate about making complex blockchain, fintech, and macroeconomics concepts understandable for mainstream audiences.   Martin has been featured in top finance, technology, and crypto publications including BeInCrypto, CoinTelegraph, NewsBTC, FX Empire, and Asia Times. His articles provide an in-depth analysis of...