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Tornado Cash Monthly Users Fall by Over 50% Post-US Sanctions

2 mins
Updated by Kyle Baird
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In Brief

  • The number of unique users on Tornado Cash has hit notable lows following sanctions by the U.S. Treasury.
  • The weekly deposits and withdrawals have also fallen significantly.
  • Meanwhile, many MEV-Boost relays comply with OFAC regulations.
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Tornado Cash is experiencing a significant drop in activity following the sanctions by the U.S. Treasury. The number of unique users and weekly deposits and withdrawals have both fallen.

Tornado Cash is taking a tumble in terms of activity as a result of the sanctions imposed by the United States Treasury. Data from Dune shows a significant drop in unique users per week since the announcement of the sanctions in August 2022, with September seeing unique users well below 100.

Unique users per week: Dune

The sanctions have effectively taken Tornado Cash from all-time highs in terms of unique users to what could be lows that could be permanent. Monthly users have also fallen by over 50%, from over 2,600 in July to under 1,300 the month after. That represents a 52% drop in users.

The weekly deposits and withdrawals have also taken a significant hit, to the point where they are less than a tenth of what they were in the early parts of the year. In the last week of September, weekly deposits and withdrawals amounted to $3.6 million and $5 million, respectively.

Deposit and withdrawals per week: Dune

The U.S. Treasury imposed sanctions on the popular crypto mixer in August 2022, pointing to the fact that the service had been used by the North Korean state-sponsored hacking group Lazarus Group. The Treasury had said that Tornado Cash had been used to launder more than $7 billion since its creation.

OFAC-compliant Ethereum blocks still rising

The Office of Foreign Assets Control, a division of the United States Treasury Department, has been in the news for other reasons as well. There are several MEV-Boost relays that can censor certain transactions on Ethereum, as they are compliant with OFAC regulations. MEV-boost is a service that Ethereum proof of stake validators have the option to run to outsource their block production duties to the highest bidder.

Currently, 28% of blocks are compliant with OFAC regulations. Critics have said that the networks should remain neutral, and some have said that punitive actions may have to be taken against certain validators. However, it appears that United States authorities are doing all that they can to enforce control over the crypto market.

OFAC-compliant Ethereum blocks: MEV Watch

Arrested Tornado Cash developer denied an appeal

Tornado Cash developers have also been arrested in the effort to clamp down on the mixing service. Dutch authorities arrested developer Alexey Pertsev. He recently appealed the arrest, but that was denied. He will stay in jail for at least two more years.

Ksenia Malik, Pertsev’s wife, told The Block that she was worried that his assets would be auctioned. The argument in the crypto community in support of Pertsev is that he should not be arrested for writing open-source code.

Top crypto projects in the US | June 2024

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Rahul Nambiampurath
Rahul Nambiampurath's cryptocurrency journey first began in 2014 when he stumbled upon Satoshi's Bitcoin whitepaper. With a bachelor's degree in Commerce and an MBA in Finance from Sikkim Manipal University, he was among the few that first recognized the sheer untapped potential of decentralized technologies. Since then, he has helped DeFi platforms like Balancer and Sidus Heroes — a web3 metaverse — as well as CEXs like Bitso (Mexico's biggest) and Overbit to reach new heights with his...
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