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Render Token (RNDR): A Guide to What It Is and How It Works

13 mins
Fact Checked
by May Woods
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Render Network’s native token RNDR has weathered the crypto market’s volatility while experiencing steady growth year-on-year. Since its launch in 2020, RNDR’s price has surged more than 21,000%. This raises the question: What factors are driving this long-term surge? Is RNDR a good investment for the future? We will explore these questions and more in our Render token guide.


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What is Render token (RNDR)?

Render price April 2023-2024: CoinMarketCap

Render is a platform that enables users to lend the unused GPU capacity of their home devices to support projects in rendering motion graphics and visual effects. In return, contributors receive Render tokens (RNDR), the native utility crypto of the Render Network. Render allows individuals to access underutilized computational resources affordably and efficiently by establishing a peer-to-peer (P2P) network. This approach streamlines the traditional methods of rendering and streaming 3D environments and other visual effects.

“The main reason why Render token has exploded is because of its AI and GPU/ Nvidia’s narratives. The partnership with Apple also gives credibility and opens up a huge market opportunity for RNDR to showcase its technological edge over competitors.”

Anndy Lian, blockchain expert: CMC

Addressing the computational resources: A growing concern

Next-generation media production presents a significant challenge due to the substantial computing power it demands. Although powerful, today’s centralized GPU clouds must meet these growing requirements.

Consequently, artists and creators frequently face a competitive scramble for GPU resources. These resources are crucial for traditional rendering cloud streaming and training AI models. This competition leads to a need for more available computing power and drives up costs, making it expensive for many artists.

The need for more powerful rendering will grow as technology advances, especially with augmented and mixed-reality content. This demand intensifies existing shortages in computing resources. The crypto mining industry consumes vast GPU resources, yielding diminishing returns as rising energy costs outpace mining profits. This issue has grown more pronounced with the adoption of more energy-efficient blockchain technologies like proof-of-stake.

Render Network’s solution 

Render Network proposes a potentially transformative solution in response to these challenges.  It capitalizes on the underutilized GPU cycles by creating a decentralized network that connects content creators with GPU providers. 

The network enables creators needing additional computational power to access others’ idle GPU resources to render tasks. The Render Network simplifies the complex process of rendering and streaming detailed virtual creations. It alleviates the load on individual GPUs and reduces the overall demand on centralized resources by distributing GPU-based rendering jobs across a peer-to-peer network. This system makes rendering processes quicker and less costly for creators and allows GPU owners to monetize idle capacities. 

Render Network’s reach extends far beyond just rendering solutions. It offers a platform for various applications, from crowdsourcing 3D projects to managing digital rights. This creates an exciting new marketplace where digital ideas, assets, and applications can be funded and leveraged by anyone — from individual developers and artists to large studios. This, in turn, encourages innovation and collaboration among stakeholders.

The team behind Render Network

Render token

Render Network was founded in 2017 by Jules Urbach, the CEO of OTOY Inc. OTOY specializes in content creation and rendering software and technology, such as the OctaneRender. Urbach’s vision for the Render Network stemmed from his experiences and challenges within the graphics industry around the high costs and technological barriers that small creators face when accessing advanced rendering capabilities.

Render Network is based in the Cayman Islands and is led by Tristan Relly, Head of Operations, and Andrew Hyde, Head of Communications. The core team behind Render Network comprises experts from both the tech and creative industries.

Inside Render Network: Exploring the technology and vision

The Render Network architecture includes a dual-layered system designed to streamline the rendering process using decentralized computing power. Here’s a quick look at its main components:

The off-chain rendering network

The first layer of the Render Network architecture is the off-chain rendering network. This layer primarily consists of:

  • Creators: Individuals or entities that generate digital content and require rendering services. They initiate rendering tasks by submitting them to the network.
  • Node operators: These operators run GPU nodes, which are essential for providing the computational power needed to perform rendering tasks. You could think of these nodes as the muscle of the network as they execute the heavy-lifting processes required to render complex digital content.
  • Render Network and application layer vendors: This component acts as the mediator and framework within which the Node Operators and Creators operate. It includes the software, protocols, and standards for rendering tasks.

A core network infrastructure comprising multiple servers facilitates the interaction between Creators and Node Operators. This setup ensures the efficient management of data exchange and task allocation across the network. This, in turn, helps maintain a smooth operational flow without central oversight.

Blockchain layers

blockchain protoo

The second layer of the Render Network architecture revolves around blockchain technology, which handles financial transactions and ensures transparency:

  • Payment system through RNDR and escrow contracts: These tokens facilitate transactions from Creators to Node Operators. The platform deploys escrow contracts to secure the tokens while a rendering job is underway. This is to ensure that the recipients receive their payments only upon the successful completion of tasks.
  • Public ledgers for transparency: Using a blockchain’s public ledger is crucial in Render Network’s modus operandi. It records all interactions between Creators and Node Operators, which ensures that each transaction and its outcomes are transparent and publicly verifiable. This transparency is vital for trust, and allows any transaction discrepancies to be easily tracked and rectified.

Integration of OctaneBench and Multi-Tier Pricing (MTP) algorithm

A key component in the Render Network’s operational model is the integration of OctaneBench. This tool benchmarks a GPU’s rendering performance using a metric called OctaneBench Points per Hour (OBh). This measurement is critical because it directly influences the cost of rendering tasks. OctaneBench ensures that pricing is fair based on the computational power of standardizing GPU performance.

The platform dynamically calculates the pricing of tasks using a Multi-Tier Pricing (MTP) algorithm. This algorithm adjusts the cost based on the rendering task’s complexity and the GPU’s performance as measured by OctaneBench. This setup ensures that Creators can anticipate and control their rendering expenses based on predictable performance metrics.

What makes the Render Network unique?

Render Network cuts through the noise with features that empower creators and GPU providers. Here’s what makes it a potential game-changer:

  • Decentralized rendering solutions: Render Network shifts from traditional centralized rendering to a decentralized peer-to-peer model, utilizing a global network of GPU providers. This approach democratizes access to high-powered resources and improves efficiency, allowing content creators to enjoy faster processing times without the limitations of traditional setups.
  • Adaptive pricing: The dynamic pricing model adjusts to real-time market conditions, rendering complexity and urgency.
  • Smart matchmaking: Render Network’s advanced matchmaking algorithm pairs content creators with the most suitable GPU providers based on GPU type, capacity, provider location, and reputation. This targeted approach enhances speed, precision, and cost efficiency in rendering tasks.
  • Secure and trustless: Render prioritizes security with a trustless validation mechanism, ensuring rendered products meet quality standards via decentralized consensus.

What is RNDR’s role?

RNDR functions primarily as a utility token, enabling the core operations of the Render Network. It facilitates transactions within the network, where content creators pay for rendering services using RNDR. This method simplifies the exchange process, directly linking the demand for rendering power with the supply provided by GPU operators. 

Currently, the network offers different tiers of service — Tier 1 (Trusted Partners), Tier 2 (Priority) and Tier 3 (Economy). Each tier is designed to cater to various speed, security, and price needs, offering flexibility to content creators depending on their specific project requirements and budget constraints.

RNDR also serves as a reward mechanism for Node Operators, the GPU providers within the network. These operators can utilize their idle GPU resources to fulfill rendering jobs in exchange for RNDR tokens. Additionally, RNDR also acts as a governance token. It grants holders the power to influence the decision-making processes within the Render Network. This governance role empowers token holders to vote on key proposals that shape the network’s future, including protocol upgrades and policy changes.

Render token (RNDR) tokenomics

As of April 30, 2024, the RNDR token has a max supply of 536,870,912. Additionally, with more than 532 million tokens currently in circulation and a market capitalization of over $3.2 billion. The distribution of these tokens is strategically allocated to support various aspects of the network’s growth and sustainability: 

  • 40% allocated to development efforts 
  • 25% dedicated to growth initiatives
  • 20% for operational needs
  • 10% for network reserve
  • 5% for network genesis

This allocation strategy aims to ensure the long-term development and scalability of the Render Network.

A quick guide on use cases of Render Network

The Render Network and its RNDR token are revolutionizing the digital content creation by providing decentralized rendering solutions and a utility token system for transactions. Here are some real-life applications of Render Network and the RNDR token:

Film, games, and other media

Render Network offers ample GPU resources that are ideal for creating high-quality graphics in films and games. Notably, artist Raoul Marks utilized the network to render the opening titles of “Westworld Season 4,” showcasing its capacity to support complex artistic projects.

Artificial Intelligence

AI artificial intelligence

Render Network has expanded its activities in AI and machine learning. The platform provides computational resources for AI-generated graphics and prototypes, allowing cost-effective rendering of high-quality images for AI applications.

“Generative AI on the inference and training side also fit to the kinds of GPUs that are already on Render. You don’t need an H100 to do training on generative video. One of the more exciting propositions for us is we look at the Apple ecosystem where you have GPUs with 120 gigabytes of video memory, those are out there in the tens of millions. Tapping into that is going to be a massive win over the cost of the scaling issues we have on centralized clouds. That’s where I see huge advantages of decentralized approaches like we have.”

Jules Urbach: Medium

Architecture and product design

Render Network can come in handy for architects and product designers to produce high-quality 3D visualizations and virtual reality renders. It facilitates large-scale prototyping and detailed design analysis, which can improve design accuracy and presentation.

Paying for jobs

RNDR is the primary currency for transactions within Render Network, where creators pay for GPU power to render graphics. Additionally, the network offers RNDR credits purchasable via bank cards, simplifying the payment process for crypto newbies.

Burn and Mint Equilibrium

The Burn and Mint Equilibrium (BME) model enhances RNDR’s value by adjusting its supply based on network demand. Creators burn RNDR tokens to fund rendering jobs, ensuring ongoing demand. Node Operators earn these tokens as rewards, creating a dynamic economic ecosystem within the network.

Is Render token a good investment in 2024?

RNDR has shown a continued uptrend in its performance over extended periods, including gains year-on-year since its inception. This direction, alongside projections of growth in the rendering industry over the next decade, suggests a bright future for RNDR. However, like all crypto investments, risks due to market volatility and evolving regulations exist. To make an informed decision, thoroughly researching industry trends, guides, and potential risks is crucial. Understanding the opportunities and challenges can lead to more informed investment decisions for Render.

Frequently asked questions

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Shilpa Lama
Shilpa is a Highly experienced freelance Crypto and tech journalist who is deeply passionate about artificial intelligence and pro-freedom technologies such as distributed ledgers and cryptocurrencies. She has been covering the blockchain industry since 2017. Before her ongoing stint in tech media, Shilpa was lending her skills to government-backed fintech endeavors in Bahrain and a leading US-based non-profit dedicated to supporting open-source software projects. In her current...