How To Create an NFT — A Step-by-Step Guide for Beginners

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With the growing popularity of NFTs, artists might want to know how to make an NFT to earn. The whole process of making these unique assets is actually simple and accessible. NFT Marketplaces have worked on making it streamlined, and to that end, you don’t need much technical know-how.

This guide will take you through what NFTs are, what types exist, and how to mint and sell NFTs on a marketplace.

The NFT landscape

top 7 NFT tolls

The NFT ecosystem is great for protecting scarcity and establishing ownership over digital and tangible assets. This technology offers digital creators solid options to monetize their work, as well as flexibility that is often missing in traditional creative industry models. It is safe and easy to sell digital content online by attaching it to the blockchain as a non-fungible tokens (NFT). Artists can create NFTs and gain unlimited support from a worldwide network of collectors.

Over the last few years, the number of users has increased exponentially on NFT marketplaces such as OpenSea.

opensea traders ethereum
Registered users who have made at least one transaction: Dune Analytics

According to Statista, there were over $10 billion in NFT sales on the most popular NFT marketplace, OpenSea, since its existence. 

statista nft marketpalces volume in usd
Largest NFT marketplaces based on all-time sales volume: Statista

Famous NFT sales

In early 2018, Cryptokitties was one of the first NFT projects that garnered attention. The game became very popular in a short time frame, especially with the news about record-priced CryptoKitties being sold on blockchain. 

At some point, someone sold a CryptoKitty for $172,000. This caused a bottleneck on the Ethereum blockchain. It also pointed out the inefficiency of the network and its inability to scale. Since then, the non-fungible tokens (NFTs) universe has expanded beyond imagination.

Exploring the NFT space

NFTs can be a bit overwhelming to the newcomer. Fortunately, there are some excellent NFT tools that can make the process easier. This makes exploring and discovering undervalued NFTs much easier.

Anyone who wishes to be an NFT artist must have a goal and creativity. Even if you aren’t as talented as Leonardo da Vinci, but still have numerous ideas, it is worth creating an NFT. This could also be a good place to start for artists who have many Beeple-like works that are sitting in their digital studio, just waiting to be sold as NFTs.

The process of creating an NFT does not have to be complicated, expensive, or technical. Anyone can learn how to make an NFT and create a digital version of their art, becoming an NFT creator.

What can NFTs represent?

An NFT can be basically anything, since it is a digital version of a real-world, tangible item or only a digital asset stored on the blockchain. 

The most common types of NFTs on the market are:

  • Digital art and images
  • Music
  • Videos
  • Game items
  • Collectables and trading cards
  • Sports moments
  • Domain names
  • Memes
  • Virtual fashion items

Digital art

CryptoPunks

The most popular form of NFT is art. Artists can sell their finest works online by offering digital artwork in the form of these unique assets. Many of the most valuable NFTs currently available are digital art. 

Some NFT artists have sold their art at staggering prices that rival physical artwork. An NFT collector paid $69.3 million for the digital artwork entitled “Everydays” by Mike Winkelmann (also known as Beeple), making it the most expensive NFT in history. It was sold by the Christie auction house. Beeple’s “Everydays” is a collage consisting of 5,000 drawings that reference every day over the past 13 and a half years.

And this is just one of many NFTs that have gone over $1 million. However, many NFT collections are extremely successful and don’t require complex work from the author.

A number of other NFTs have sold for hundreds of thousands of dollars, including NFTs from the Bored Ape Yacht Club and CryptoPunks collections. 

The CryptoPunks collection contains 10,000 pixelated images containing punks, and it’s one of the first forms of generative digital art examples. It has been a huge success among NFT collectors. The collection was minted on the Ethereum blockchain in 2015, and each NFT is unique, having a set of features that sets it apart from other items from the collection.

Video NFTs

As with digital art, video NFTs are popular among NFT artists. GIFs and short videos have been in demand by NFT collectors. A looping, 10-second video called Crossroad, made by Beeple, that depicts a naked Donald Trump lying on the ground, sold for $6.6 million.

However, NBA Top Shot moments are one of the most prominent NFT success stories so far. They are part of the initial hype wave for blockchain-based art. Dapper Laps digitizes the reels under a license from the NBA. Some NFTs have highlights with digital artwork and different angles. For instance, a LeBron James highlights sold for $200,000.

Top Shot was compared with the old-school trading card model. However, in the case of NFTs, people can trade and collect rare items while having fun, without the risk of theft or damage of the trading cards.

NBA Top Shot owners will soon have the opportunity to enjoy their favorite clips in real life, thanks to a partnership with Infinite Objects.

Music NFTs

As we already mentioned, almost all art forms can be tokenized. All music tracks, artwork, text pieces, apps, files, as well as real-life objects (such as concert tickets or unique merchandise) can be accompanied by their own NFTs. This allows artists and content creators new ways to share their experiences with their audience.

For instance, in March 2021, Kings of Leon released their latest album, When You See Yourself, in the form of an NFT. The bundle was $50 and included an animated cover and limited-edition vinyl. Those who purchased the bundle automatically entered a lottery for VIP concert tickets and other perks. They were the first music artists to do so. 

Most of these kinds of NFTs can be minted on an NFT marketplace. The process is easy enough and requires not more than 15 minutes of your time. The following section will guide you through the process step-by-step.

How to make an NFT

First, you need to choose an NFT platform to create and sell NFTs. Next, you’ll need a cryptocurrency wallet to mint NFTs, pay fees, and receive cryptocurrency as payment if you sell your NFTs.

Luckily, you can make and sell NFTs through many online platforms. OpenSea is a popular platform for NFT auctions.

Step 1. Create an image or a series of images

The first thing to do before learning how to make an NFT is to identify the unique digital asset that you wish to tokenize. You can use it as a meme, GIF, painting, or any of the digital assets described above.

Keep in mind that an NFT is an exclusive digital item that can only have a single owner at any given point in time. Remember that most NFT collections posted on NFT tools, such as Rarity, are ranked by their rarity, and that contributes to their value. 

Although this might be obvious, it’s necessary to ensure that you have the intellectual property rights for the item you are converting as an NFT. You could be in legal trouble if you create an NFT for IP that you don’t legally own.

Step 2. Pick a marketplace

To find the right platform for your NFT, you will need to do extensive research on each NFT marketplace. They are all different in terms of features and pricing for listing. 

Once you have chosen the digital artwork for your NFT, it is time to choose a marketplace that allows you to create your NFT on the blockchain and then sell it. 

Some of the most popular NFT marketplaces are:

For the rest of this guide, we will be referring to the OpenSea NFT marketplace, but the same steps apply to all platforms. It’s free to sign up, and there is no restriction on what content you can list. This means that you don’t need to be approved to sell NFTs on the platform as an artist. This also means the marketplace is filled with digital sundries that nobody will ever buy.

Step 3. Set up your wallet

On OpenSea, click on the user icon (top right) and then click on Profile. On this page, you will be able to connect your Ethereum wallet to the NFT marketplace. 

OpenSea lets users connect most of the popular crypto wallets, including MetaMask, Coinbase Wallet, Fortmatic, WalletConnect, and others.

openSea Ethereum wallets

Choose the wallet you have and then follow the steps to confirm the connection of your wallet. 

There are many options, but we will use MetaMask to show you how to make an NFT. 

Step 4. Mint NFTs

The step-by-step instructions for uploading your digital file should be provided by the NFT marketplace. This is NFT minting, and it will turn your digital artwork into a non-fungible token that can be sold.

NFT minting is the process that transforms a digital file into a blockchain digital asset. It is impossible to modify, delete, or edit a digital asset registered on the blockchain. 

As of Oct. 2021, NFT platforms stopped charging creators for minting NFTs at the time of creation. Instead of storing data on the blockchain right after creation, NFTs are minted upon purchase. The buyer pays the gas fee when buying the item. 

Did you know?

The minting process is free on OpenSea, Rarible, and Mintable.

NFT artists can create the assets with no upfront gas fees. However, the NFT is not transferred on-chain until the first transfer or purchase. The ERC-1155 standard used for NFTs, made with the Collection Manager on OpenSea, allows users to avoid gas fees when minting NFTs.

After connecting your ETH Wallet to OpenSea, you can create your first NFT. To create a collection, click on the Create button in the top menu.

create new nft opensea marketplace

Complete all fields and save. Now, you’re ready to begin the actual minting of your new NFT. Click on New Item to load your artwork and provide all details. At the bottom, click on Create once you are ready.

Congratulations! You have successfully created an NFT and can sell it on OpenSea. You can choose which Ethereum tokens to accept as payment. Furthermore, you can also choose to sell at an auction or fixed price. The selling page will also let you decide on royalty fees. While minting an NFT on OpenSea is free, listing it for sale requires a service fee of 2.5%.

Step 5. Get ETH for listing NFTs

All NFT marketplaces mentioned above require an upfront payment to list your NFT. They might differ from platform to platform, so that’s why each NFT artist should do some research on each platform to find the one most suitable for their needs. 

But in the end, all users are required to pay a fee, in cryptocurrency, for listing the digital asset and making NFTs sales. This means that you will need to purchase some cryptocurrency before you can earn any cryptocurrency. Most NFT marketplaces, such as OpenSea, charge fees in Ether (ETH), the native cryptocurrency of Ethereum; you want to mint an NFT on the Ethereum blockchain. 

This is what it looks like to complete the listing for your NFT sales. As you can see, the platform will ask for a one-time gas fee to initialize your wallet.

listing nft on opensea marketplace

OpenSea allows NFT artists to mint NFTs on the Polygon network as well, but most choose Ethereum as it’s the platform that hosts the most NFTs minutes so far.

You will need to ensure that you have ETH in your digital wallet.

Step 6. Set up the sale process

Now that you know how to make an NFT, you have to set up the sales process. 

On OpenSea, click on the account icon (top right) > My collections. You will see your recently created NFTs. Click on the desired collection, then on the particular NFT. Next, you’ll have the option to click on Sale, on the top right. 

list nft for sale

You can, depending on which platform you use, decide on:

  • Fixed cost: Setting a fixed price, which will be delivered on first-come, first-served basis
  • Timed auction: The asset will take bids within a set time frame
  • Unlimited auction: No time limit. Instead, you can end the auction at any time.

If you are setting up an auction, you will need to decide the minimum price. You also need to set your royalties so that you can receive payments in perpetuity. Furthermore, determine how long a timed auction is held (if necessary). You should consider fees when setting the minimum price. If you make the price too low, you risk losing money on sales.

The fees required to mint or sell an NFT are often expensive and complicated. There might also be a commission for the sale and a transaction fee that allows money to be transferred from the buyer’s wallet into yours. Due to volatility in cryptocurrency prices, fees can change. To ensure that you can sell your NFT at a cost that will cover all the fees, you should pay attention to what it will cost to mint and sell it.

After you finish this process, your NFT will be listed, and other collectors might start buying assets from your collections. If your asset is somehow special, you will be able to sell your NFT.

Making an NFT is easier than ever before

So now you know how to make an NFT. It’s easier than ever before, and, as a result, NFTs are increasing in popularity, often with significant price tags. Thanks to blockchain technology, artists moving into NFT creation can earn a lot of income. 

However, it’s important to understand that NFTs may not sell all the time, and some will never make their creators money due to all the fees associated with selling on an NFT marketplace. To avoid losing money, make sure that you sell NFTs that other people will value and set a minimum price that will cover any fees associated with the sale.

NFTs can be hard to keep up with, so why not join BeInCrypto’s Discord server to ensure you’re on top of everything?

Frequently asked questions

Can I create my own NFT?

Yes, you can make your own NFT. However, it’s important to make sure you have legal rights over the NFT.

How much does it cost to make an NFT?

Most NFT marketplaces don’t charge a fee to mint NFTs. However, they have a percentual service fee for listing the NFT on the marketplace. 

How do you make NFT from scratch?

To mint an NFT on a marketplace, you will have to upload your asset and other relevant details. This includes images, videos or audio, and the name and description. Upon completion, your NFT will be created and listed. 

How do I make an NFT project?

NFT projects can be any type of digital file, from digital artworks to music or electronic tickets to real-life concerts. After you decide on the specific project you want to create, you can use an NFT marketplace, such as OpenSea or Rarible, to mint and sell the NFT. 

How long does it take to mint an NFT?

The process of minting an NFT is instantaneous.

Can I mint an NFT for free?

As of Oct. 2021, minting NFTs is free on the most popular NFT marketplaces, such as OpenSea, Rarible, and Mintable. However, listing NFTs for sale will result in a fee. 

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Iulia Vasile is a freelance content writer and social media expert. Iulia currently contributes to numerous crypto and blockchain-related websites, bringing her years of expertise and unique personal perspective to the discussion concerning blockchain tech. A computer engineer graduate, Iulia is also the owner of the travel website www.juliasomething.com, an original member of the team responsible for the blockchain-based game FootballCoin, and runs a successful podcast and YouTube channel.

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