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Stronghold Digital Mining Files With SEC to Erase $18 Million From Debt

3 mins
Updated by Ryan Boltman
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In Brief

  • Crypto miner and power producer Stronghold Digital files to reduce debt by $17.6 million by converting debt instruments to equity.
  • The miner recently returned 26,000 mining machines to NYDIG to square a $68 million debt.
  • Lower Bitcoin difficulty points to more capitulation as more hashrate is taken offline.
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Stronghold Digital Mining disclosed its intent to extinguish $17.9 million of principal debt by converting Notes to equity.

According to an SEC filing, Stronghold will extinguish amended notes worth $17.9 million in exchange for Class C preferred shares with a combined face value of $23.1 million. A stock’s face value is the minimum amount a shareholder must pay, as outlined in a company’s charter. New holders of class C shares will have the option of converting them to Class A common stock. The company expects to issue a maximum of 57.8 million Class A shares.

Stronghold Strengthens Position Through Debt Reduction and Power Sales

According to its filing, the debt-to-equity conversion will reduce Stronghold’s principal debt from $82 million to roughly $55 million. The mining firm has set a deadline of Feb. 20, 2023, to complete the transaction, pending shareholder and Nasdaq approval.

“Following the Closing of the Exchange Agreement, which is currently expected to occur in February 2023, the Company expects to have less than $55 million in total principal amount of debt outstanding,” said Stronghold’s CEO Greg Beard.

Per its Q3 2022 earnings call, the miner returned 26,000 Bitcoin mining computers to the New York Digital Currency Group (NYDIG) and BankProv. This move extinguished $68 million in principal debt. In Oct. 2022, it boosted its balance sheet by securing equipment financing with lower monthly repayments.

On Nov. 7, 2022, Stronghold signed a hosting agreement with Foundry to share 50% of the Bitcoin it mines using 4,500 machines that Foundry will purchase, less electricity costs. Foundry is the world’s largest Bitcoin mining pool operator. Stronghold also sells power to the grid when doing so makes more economic sense than mining Bitcoin.

Mining Difficulty Adjusted Down as More Machines Halted

Stronghold’s debt curtailments strengthen its balance sheet as other debt-laden miners struggle to keep the lights on.

Mining difficulty fell 3.6% in the last two weeks as some miners took their equipment offline. 

The Bitcoin algorithm adjusts difficulty based on the average time taken to guess the correct hashes of the previous 2016 transaction block headers. It lowers the difficulty when fewer machines compete to guess the right hash. Conversely, it increases the difficulty when more machines jockey for the correct answer.

A miner feeds a nonce variable into a hashing function to create an output that is less than a specific target value. When fewer miners are online, the algorithm increases the target value, making it easier to generate a lower output. 

A Bitcoin miner proves he has done a certain amount of work to guess the correct nonce and is then rewarded with Bitcoin. The number of guesses he makes per second is measured by a metric called the hashrate.

Some Bitcoin mining companies have offloaded hashrate to cut debt repayments.

New York-based hosting company Greenidge recently offloaded 2.8 Exahashes per second (EH/s) of hashrate to NYDIG, while Stronghold consensually returned 2.5 EH/s of capacity to NYDIG in Q2 2022. Sydney-based Iris Energy said it would shut down 3.6 EH/s from two business operations after they failed to generate sufficient cash flow.

Additionally, other notable companies have had to sell mined Bitcoin to help their monthly cash flows.

Bitfarms sold 3,000 BTC in June 2022 to repay a $100 million loan from Galaxy Digital. Its CEO Emiliano Grodzki resigned from his post in Dec. 2022. Core Scientific, the public mining company with the highest debt burdensold over 7,000 BTC in Q2 2022. The Austin, Texas, firm recently filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy.

For Be[In]Crypto’s latest Bitcoin (BTC) analysis, click here.

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David Thomas
David Thomas graduated from the University of Kwa-Zulu Natal in Durban, South Africa, with an Honors degree in electronic engineering. He worked as an engineer for eight years, developing software for industrial processes at South African automation specialist Autotronix (Pty) Ltd., mining control systems for AngloGold Ashanti, and consumer products at Inhep Digital Security, a domestic security company wholly owned by Swedish conglomerate Assa Abloy. He has experience writing software in C,...